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In 2014, total Development Health Assistance (DAH) amounted to $35.9 billion, a drop of 1.6% over the all-time high in DAH reached in 2013. The United States has continued to serve as the largest source of funds, providing $12.4 billion in 2014. The contribution of the United Kingdom increased 1.6% in 2014, with DAH sourced from the UK amounting to $3.8 billion.
Of note, and largely tied to the Ebola epidemic in West Africa, financing for the African Development Bank (AfDB) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) expanded considerably in 2014, rising 24.4% and 17.9%, respectively, relative to 2013 levels.
In contrast to the other United Nations agencies active in global health, funding for WHO and UNICEF grew in 2014. Rising 17.9%, the DAH furnished by UNICEF rose to $1.4 billion. WHO increased its contributions 4.0%, providing $2.1 billion in 2014. Trends in the DAH provided to public-private partnerships were mixed. With expenditure of $1.8 billion in 2014, Gavi funding rose 8.2% relative to 2013 levels. In contrast, financing provided by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (the Global Fund) dropped 6.9% to $4.1 billion in DAH in 2014. The DAH channelled by NGOs grew 3.8% in 2014, with total spending amounting to $5.4 billion in 2014.
Trends in the DAH designated for specific health focus areas were mixed in 2014. Funds targeting malaria grew by 0.4%. However, DAH for other areas highlighted in the MDGs dropped; HIV/AIDS, for example, dropped 2.2% in DAH. Areas such as tuberculosis and maternal, newborn and child health also saw declines, of 9.2% to $1.5 billion and 2.2% to $9.6 billion respectively.
Sub-Saharan Africa continued to receive the largest share of DAH. Over 58% ($930 million) of the estimated $1.6 billion need for donor financing is for WHO’s African Region.
Hear more about innovations and technologies to support health SDGs at the 2nd annual Aid & Development Africa Summit, on 28 February-1 March in Nairobi, Kenya. During the two-day summit, international and regional experts will gather to discuss the latest technological innovations, initiatives and best practices providing an opportunity for knowledge exchange and networking amongst public, private and civil society stakeholders. For more information about the event and to register, please visit africa.aidforum.org
The infographic was created in partnership with B Medical Systems, leading provider of innovative refrigeration and storage solutions for safe transport and management of blood products and vaccines. To download the infographic, click here.